Malcolm X

“Message to the Grass Roots” is among Malcolm X’s most famous and most influential speeches.

Postindustrial Soul

Nealโ€™s chapters 5-6 focus on recent innovations, and class divisions, within African American communities and their musics.

Public Enemy

“Public Enemy is, by all measures, the greatest, most impactful political rap group to ever have existed.”

Gangsta Rap 101

With this assignment we begin our second textbook, Eithne Quinn’s Nuthin’ but a “g” thang: The Culture and Commerce of Gangsta Rap.

Run D.M.C.

Run-D.M.C.’s emergence in the early 1980s set the template for much of modern hip hop.


Among many other things, NWA forced “a major [music] industry rethinking of consumer taste patterns” (83).

Tupac Shakur

Shakur literally was a son of the Black Panthers. Did it matter then? Does it matter now?


Why name the song “Rosa Parks”? Why name the song “Bombs over Baghdad”?

Kendrick Lamar

Lamar has been labeled hip hop’s newest “messiah,” but he has also drawn fire for seeming to say that Black people shared the blame for…


The second half of Ta-Nehisi Coates’s book offers great insight and few answers.